International Climate Change
October 2015

The purpose of this international climate change blog is to provide the latest legal analysis of the international climate change negotiations ahead of, and beyond, the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in December 2015.
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Posted on: 23 October 2015

All about ambition – Day 5 of the final COP21 negotiating session

Posted by: Frances Lawson With well over a hundred INDCs (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) now submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat, one of the talking points of this final negotiating session has been the adequacy of the mitigation pledges made therein relative to the target to limit warming to 2 degrees Celsius. The picture is not


Posted on: 22 October 2015

Red lines and dividing lines – Day 4 of the final COP21 negotiating session

Posted by: Frances Lawson My debut appearance at a UNFCCC negotiating session met with an inauspicious start. Those with ‘observer’ status, of which I form part, have been unceremoniously excluded from the negotiating rooms themselves. If ever there was a sign of a process under acute stress, this is it. Such is the tension around


Posted on: 8 October 2015

Is it time for the International Court of Justice to give its opinion on climate change?

Posted by: Frances Lawson Between 17th and 19th September 2015, lawyers from around the world converged on London for a 3-day climate change symposium hosted and organised by King’s College London. In light of the recent Dutch Urgenda case (see earlier post on that subject), one of the underlying themes of the symposium was the



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